Data & Methods

Data & Methods

Since its inception, OPR has been at the forefront of generating new sources of large-scale data to expand our understanding of human populations here and around the world, and developing cutting edge, innovative methods for statistical, demographic, qualitative and mixed methods analysis.

New data produced by current OPR associates include the Mexican Migration Project and the Latin American Migration Project to understand the processes drawing migrants primarily from the developing world to developed countries, particularly the United States (Massey), the Fragile Families Study that for more than two decades has been following a cohort of nearly 5,000 U.S.-born children from low-income and minority families that are at a high risk of breaking up and living in poverty (McLanahan), more than 5,500 hours of in-home video on parent-child interactions aimed at understanding how parents support their children’s early learning (Espenshade), and large-scale surveys in Guatemala on the determinants of illness and health care choices and in Taiwan on health among older persons (Goldman).

Current research in advancing the study of methods has included randomized controlled trials (Deaton), the development of theoretical models to investigate the population dynamics of infectious diseases (Grenfell; Metcalf), new quantitative statistical methods for applications across the social sciences and, in particular, tools that facilitate automated text analysis and model complex heterogeneity in regression (Stewart) and propensity score analysis (Yu Xie), and social network studies of hidden populations (Salganik).


Case, A., Deaton, A., & Stone, A. A. (2020). Decoding the mystery of American pain reveals a warning for the future. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(40), 24785. doi:

Deaton, A. (2020). Randomization in the tropics revisited: A theme and eleven variations. In F. Bedecarrats, I. Guerin & R. Roubaud (Eds.), Randomized controlled trials in the field of development: A critical perspective (). Oxford: University Press.
Book Chapter

Deaton, D., & Case, A. (2020). Deaths of despair and the future of capitalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Deaton, A. (2019). Randomization in the tropics revisited: A theme in variations. The India Forum, doi:

2021 “The Bipartisan Origins of White Nationalism.” Daedalus, forthcoming.

2021 “Unmasking Irregular Migration to the United States.” Forthcoming in Raúl Delgado Wise, ed., Handbook on Migration and Development. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing. (with Jorge Durand)

2021 “Evidencias de un Catástrofe en Venezuela.” Forthcoming in Susanne Gratius and José Manuel Puente, eds., El Conflicto Venezolano: Perspectiva Económica, Política e Internacional. Caracas: Instituto de Estudios Superiores in Administración, Universidad Católica Andrés Bello. (with Magaly Sanchez)

2021 “What were the paradoxical consequences of militarizing the border with Mexico?.” Chapter 2 in Edward E. Telles and Raul Hinojosa, eds., Equitable Globalization? Migration, Trade and Race in US-Mexico Relations. Berkeley: University of California Press, forthcoming.

2021 “America's Unequal Metropolitan Geography: Segregation and the Spatial Concentration of Affluence and Poverty” Pp. 161-187 in Frances M. Rosenbluth and Margaret Weir, eds., Who Gets What? The New Politics of Insecurity. New York: Cambridge University Press. (with Jacob S. Rugh)

2020* “Lethal Violence and Migration in Mexico: An Analysis of Internal and International Moves.” Migraciones Internacionales 11(12):1-20. (with Jorge Durand and Karen A. Pren)

2020* “The Real Crisis at the Mexico-US Border: A Humanitarian and Not an Immigration Emergency.” Sociological Focus 35(3):787-805. 14

2020* “The Ethnosurvey Revisited: New Migrations, New Methodologies?'” Central and Eastern European Migration Review 8(2):9-38 (with Pawel Kaczmarczyk)

2020* “Immigration Policy Mismatches and Counterproductive Outcomes: Unauthorized Migration to the U.S. in Two Eras.” Comparative Migration Studies 8(21).

2020* “Still the Linchpin: Segregation and Stratification in the USA.” Race and Social Problems 12(1):1–12.

2020* "Creating the Exclusionist Society: From the War on Poverty to the War on Immigrants." Ethnic and Racial Studies 43(1):18-37. Reprinted as Chapter 2 in Alejandro Portes and Patricia Fernandez-Kelly, eds, The End of Compassion: Children of Immigrants in the Age of Deportation. Milton Park, Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

2019 “Debacles at the Border: Five Decades of Fact-Free Immigration Policy.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 684: 6-20. (with Jorge Durand)

2019 “Evolution of the Mexico-U.S. Migration System: Insights from the Mexican Migration Project.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 684:21-42. (with Jorge Durand)

2019* “Humans Adapt to Social Diversity Over Time.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (25) 12244-12249. (with Miguel R. Ramos, Matthew R. Bennett, and Miles Hewstone)

Hendi, Arun S., Irma T. Elo, and Pekka Martikainen. 2021. “The Implications of Changing Education Distributions for Life Expectancy Gradients.” Forthcoming at Social Science & Medicine.

Vierboom, Yana C., Samuel H. Preston, and Arun S. Hendi. 2019. “Rising Geographic Inequality in Mortality in the United States.” Social Science & Medicine – Population Health 9: 100478. (PMCID: PMC6804490).

Hendi, Arun S. 2019. “Proximate Sources of Change in Trajectories of American First Marriage, 1960-2010.” Demography 56(3): 835-862. (PMCID: PMC6827978)

Qin B, Babel RA, Plascak JJ, et al. Neighborhood Social Environmental Factors and Breast Cancer Subtypes among Black Women. Forthcoming.

Goldman N. Nathan Keyfitz. In:  SAGE Research Methods Foundations. ; Forthcoming.

Plascak JJ, Llanos AAM, Qin B, et al. Visual Cues of the Built Environment and Perceived Stress among a Cohort of Black Breast Cancer SurvivorsHealth & Place. 2021;67. Publisher's Version

Andrasfay T, Goldman N. Reductions in 2020 US Life Expectancy Due to COVID-19 and the Disproportionate Impact on the Black and Latino PopulationsProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2021;118 (5). Publisher's Version

Andrasfay T, Goldman N. American Inequality, Felt Painfully at BirthNY Daily News. 2020. Publisher's Version

Andrasfay T, Goldman N. Physical Functioning and Survival: Is the Link Weaker among Latino and Black Older Adults?Social Science & Medicine. 2020;255. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Beltrán-Sánchez H, Goldman N, Pebley AR, Morales JF. Calloused Hands, Shorter Life? Occupation and Older Age Survival in MexicoDemographic Research. 2020;42 :875-900. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Andrasfay T, Goldman N. Intergenerational Change in Birthweight: Effects of Foreign-born Status and Race/EthnicityEpidemiology. 2020;31 (5) :649-658. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Gaydosh L, Belsky D, Glei D, Goldman N. Testing proposed quanitifications of biological aging in Taiwanese older adultsThe Journals of Gerontology: Series A. 2020. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Corman JC, Glei DA, Goldman N, Weinstein M. Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging StudyEncyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging. 2020. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Verissimo J, Rugg MD, Pullman MY, et al. Early-Life Education May Help Bolster Declarative Memory in Old Age, Especially for WomenAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition. 2020. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Glei D, Goldman N, Weinstein M. A Growing Socioeconomic Divide: Effects of the Great Recession on Perceived Economic Distress in the United StatesPLOS ONE. 2019. Publisher's VersionAbstrac


Noreen Goldman - New Jersey Alliance for Clinical Translational Science: NJ ACTS

Noreen Goldman - Social Disparities in Physical Functioning by Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration Status

Bryan Grenfell - Application of Epidemiological Models to Guide and Evaluate Control of Vaccine-preventable Infections

Bryan Grenfell - Exploring Predictive Models for Improving Influenza Vaccine Virus Selection

Bryan Grenfell - Modeling the Impact of Complex Drivers on Infectious Disease Dynamics and Control

Bryan Grenfell - Modeling the Risk of Measles Outbreaks and the Effectiveness of Public Health Response Strategies in the United States

Douglas Massey - Public Use Data on Mexican Immigration

Douglas Massey - The Social Demography of Latinos: A Comparative Regional Analysis

Sara McLanahan - Beyond Abuse and Neglect: Universal Approaches to Promoting Healthy Development in the First Years of Life

Sara McLanahan - Effects of Poverty on Affective Development: A Multi-Level, Longitudinal Study

Sara McLanahan - Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing in Adolescence

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: "Reducing Justice System Inequality"

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: "University-Agency Partnerships to Strengthen Preschool: Improving Preschool at Scale"

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: Culture and Social Mobility

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: Prenatal to Age Three

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: Social-Emotional Learning

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: University - Agency Partnerships to Strengthen Preschool: Improving Preschool at Scale

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: University-Agency Partnerships to Strengthen Preschool: Improving Preschool at Scale

Sara McLanahan - Improving Opportunities for Urban Youth: What Can We Learn from City Comparisons?

Sara McLanahan - Reducing Justice System Inequality

Sara McLanahan - The Future of Children Conference and Volume on Universal Approaches to Child Maltreatment Prevention

C. Jessica Metcalf - Assessing the Feasibility of Using Serological Data to Monitor and Guide Immunization Programs in Low Income Countries

C. Jessica Metcalf - Collaborative Research: Ecological and Evolutionary Impacts of Disrupted Transmission on Host-microbiome Associations

C. Jessica Metcalf - Models to Support Decision Making for Measles and Rubella Vaccination Planning

C. Jessica Metcalf - The uninvadable microbiome: towards a persistently protective microbiome

Matthew Salganik - Creating an Open Review Toolkit for Academic Books

Matthew Salganik - The Fragile Families Challenge: A Scientific Mass Collaboration to Improve the Lives of Disadvantaged Children in the United States

Matthew Salganik - Spokes: MEDIUM: NORTHEAST: Collaborative Research: Data Science Foundry: A Collaborative Platform for Computational Social Science

Matthew Salganik - 2019 Summer Institute on Computational Social Science

Brandon Stewart - Collaborative Research: Analytical Tools for Text Based Social Data Integration

Brandon Stewart - Computational Measures of Engagement Across Difference in Online Courses

Brandon Stewart - Do Online Video Recommendation Algorithms Increase Affective Polarization?

Yu Xie - Heterogeneous Treatment of Effects in Demographic Research

Yu Xie - Travel Awards to the RC28 Princeton University Meeting for Underrepresented Student Populations