Health & Wellbeing

Health & Wellbeing

A wide variety of demographic, social, and socioeconomic factors play a role in determining our health status, how long we live, and when, how and where we die.  Health conditions and disease epidemics, in turn, influence social and economic outcomes, and overall wellbeing for individuals, their families, and their communities. OPR researchers have conducted ground-breaking work on these interrelationships both in the US and around the world in countries such as South Africa, Kenya, Taiwan, Madagascar, and been influential in national and global health policy making.

Researchers have examined reproduction, obstetric risk and medical ethics (Armstrong), links between economic status and health status in childhood, and midlife morbidity and mortality (Hendi) including “deaths of despair” (Case; Deaton), the impact of social and economic factors on adult health and the physiological pathways through which these factors operate (Goldman), population dynamics of infectious disease epidemics and pandemics such as Rubella, Measles, HIV/AIDS and COVID-19 (Grenfell; Metcalf; Salganik; Mojola; Goldman); and vaccination (Grenfell, Metcalf).

Other research examines the effects of residential segregation on health and life expectancy (Massey), the mental and physical health of children and adults (McLanahan; Sharkey; Fragile Families), the role of social context in shaping health risk and protection across the life course and as people age (Mojola), immigration and the American health system (Portes), and family planning, abortion, and fertility in developing countries (Westoff). OPR is affiliated with the Center for Health and Wellbeing directed by Janet Currie and Kate Ho.


Armstrong, E. M.; Markens, S.; Waggoner, M. R. (2019) Reproduction, health, and medicine vol:20. UK: Emerald Group Publishing.
ISBN: 9781787561724

Case, A., & Deaton, A. (2020). Deaths of despair and the future of capitalism. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.


IZA Journal of Labor Policy

D Blanchflower, M Caliendo, A Case, J Currie… -

Ginther, D. K., Currie, J. M., Blau, F. D., & Croson, R. T. A. (2020). Can Mentoring Help Female Assistant Professors in Economics? An Evaluation by Randomized Trial
    AEA Papers and Proceedings, 110, 205. 10.1257/pandp.20201121

Currie, J. (2020). Child Health as Human Capital. Health Economics, 29(4), 452. 10.1002/hec.3995
PMID: 31965679

Currie, J., Kleven, H., & Zwiers, E. (2020). Data and Code for Technology and Big Data Are Changing Economics: Mining Text to Track Methods. Openicpsr,;jsessionid=C3D4770D4FE44EAC0B7010081B1F943F

Chorniy, A., Currie, J., & Sonchak, L. (2020). Does Prenatal WIC Participation Improve Child Outcomes? American Journal of Public Health, 6(2), 169. 10.1086/707832

Currie, J., & Rossin-Slater, M. (2020). Does the WIC Program Promote Equality of Opportunity in Early Life? In L. Tach, R. Dunifon & D. Miller (Eds.), Confronting Inequality: How Policies and Practices Shape Children's Opportunities (pp. 49). American Psychological Association.

Currie, J. M., Rafferty, J. A., Bassett, M. T., & Groves, R. (2020). Evaluating Data Types: A Guide for Decision Makers Using Data to Understand the Extent and Spread of Covid-19. National Academy of Sciences Societal Experts Action Network (SEAN) (). The National Academies Press.

Currie, J. M. (2020). Inequality Before Birth Contributes to Health Inequality In Adults: Improving Newborn Health Is More Essential Now Than Ever. Scientific American, 343(4)

Currie, J., & Schnell, M. (2020). Letter to the Editor: Medical School Ranking and Physician Opioid Prescribing. Journal General Internal Medicine, 35(8), 2477. 10.1007/s11606-020-05797-z

Ginther, D. K., Currie, J. M., Blau, F. D., & Croson, R. T. A. (2020). Mentoring Matters for Women in Economics. In S. Lundberg (Ed.), Women in Economics: Challenges and Opportunities along the Pipeline (). CEPR Press.

Currie, J., Schwandt, H., & Thuilliez, J. (2020). Pauvreté, Egalité, Mortalité: Mortality (In)Equality in France and the United States. Journal of Population Economics, 33, 197.

Currie, J., Henrik, K., & Esmée, Z. (2020). Technology and Big Data Are Changing Economics: Mining Text to Track Methods
. AEA Papers and Proceedings, 110(42) 10.1257/pandp.20201058

Cuddy, E., & Currie, J. (2020). Treatment of Mental Ilness in American Adolescents Varies Wdely within and Across Areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(1), 24039.

Currie, J. M., & Macleod, W. B. (2020). Understanding Doctor Decision Making: The Case of Depression Treatment. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 88(3), 847.

Currie, J. (2020). What We Say And What We Do: Why US Investments In Children's Health Are Falling Short. Health Affairs, 39(10), 1684. 10.1377/hlthaff.2020.00633
PMID: 33017250

Alexander, D., Currie, J., & Schnell, M. (2019). Check Up before You Check Out: Retail Clinics and Emergency Room Use. Journal of Public Economics, 178

Simeonova, E., Currie, J., Nilsson, P., & Walker, R. (2019). Congestion Pricing, Air Pollution, and Children's Health

. Journal of Human Resources, Oct 10.3368/jhr.56.4.0218-9363R2

Pesko, M. F., & Currie, J. M. (2019). The Effect of E-Cigarette Minimum Legal Sale Age Laws on Cigarette Use and Birth Outcomes among Pregnant Teenagers. Journal of Health Economics, 66, 71.

Currie, J., & Duque, V. (2019). Medicaid: What Does it Do and Can We Do it Better? The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 686(1), 148.

Baker, M., Currie, J., & Schwandt, H. (2019). Mortality Inequality in Canada and the U.S.: Convergent or Divergent Trends. Journal of Labor Economics, 37(S2), S325. 10.1086/703259

Currie, J., & Walker, R. (2019). What Do Economists Have to Say About the Clean Air Act 50 Years After the Establishment of the EPA? Journal of Economic Perspectives, 433(4), 3.

Currie, J., Ho., B., Kelly, R., & Kuziemko, I. (2019). Who Will Be Our Moral Conscience Now? A Tribute To Uwe Reinhardt. Health Affairs Blog,

Case, A., Deaton, A., & Stone, A. A. (2020). Decoding the mystery of American pain reveals a warning for the future. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(40), 24785. doi:

Deaton, A. (2020). Randomization in the tropics revisited: A theme and eleven variations. In F. Bedecarrats, I. Guerin & R. Roubaud (Eds.), Randomized controlled trials in the field of development: A critical perspective (). Oxford: University Press.
Book Chapter

Deaton, D., & Case, A. (2020). Deaths of despair and the future of capitalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Deaton, A. (2019). Randomization in the tropics revisited: A theme in variations. The India Forum, doi:

Hendi A. S. (2019). Proximate sources of change in trajectories of first marriage in the united states, 1960-2010. Demography, 56(3), 835.
PMID: 30900150

Irma T. Elo Arun S. Hendi Jessica Y. Ho Yana C. Vierboom Samuel H. Preston. (2019). Trends in Non‐Hispanic white mortality in the united states by Metropolitan‐Nonmetropolitan status and region, 1990–2016. Population and Development Review,

Vierboom, Y. C., Preston, S. H., & Hendi, A. S. (2019). Rising geographic inequality in mortality in the united states. SSM - population health9, 100478. . SSM - Population Health, 9(100478)


Mojola, S. A., Angotti, N., Denardo, D., Schatz, E., & Xavier Gómez Olivé, F. (2020). The end of AIDS? HIV and the new landscape of illness in rural South Africa. Global Public Health, Epub ahead of print, 111-13. doi: 10.1080/17441692.2020.1851743
PMID: 33290168

Gómez-Olivé, F. X., Houle, B., Rosenberg, M., Kabudula, C., Mojola, S., Rohr, J. K., . . . Menken, J. (2020). Brief report: HIV incidence among older adults in a rural south African setting: 2010-2015. . Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 85(1), 18.

Houle, B., Yu, S. T., Angotti, N., Schatz, E., Kabudula, C. W., Gómez-Olivé, F. X., . . . Mojola, S. A. (2020). Clusters of HIV risk and protective sexual behaviors in Agincourt, rural South Africa: Findings from the Ha Nakekela population-based study of ages 15 and older. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 6, 2057-2068. doi:doi: 10.1007/s10508-020-01663-5

Schatz, E., Knight, L., Belli, R. F., & Mojola, S. A. (2020). Assessing the feasibility of a life history calendar to measure HIV risk and health in older South Africans. PLoS One, 15(1) doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226024

Mojola, S. A., & Wamoyi, J. (2019). Contextual drivers of HIV risk among young African women., 22 suppl 4, e25302. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 22(4)

Mojola, S. A., & Angotti, N. (2019). 'Sometimes it is not about men': Gendered and generational discourses of caregiving HIV transmission in a rural South African setting. Global Public Health, Epub ahead of print doi:doi: 10.1080/17441692.2019.1606265

Schatz, E., Houle, B., Mojola, S. A., & Angotti N, W. J. (2019). How to "live a good life": Aging and HIV testing in rural South Africa. Journal of Aging and Health, 31(4), 709. doi:DOI: 10.1177/0898264317751945

Portes, A. (2020). Bifurcated immigration and an end to compassion. Journal of Ethnic and Racial Studies, 43(1), 2.

Haller, W., & Portes, A. (2019). Class and ambition in the status attainment process: A Spanish replication. The British Journal of Sociology, 70(5) doi:DOI: 10.1111/1468-4446.12695

Portes, A., & Aparicio, R. (2019). Longitudinal study of the second generation in spain (ILSEG), wave 2. Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR),

Portes, A., & Martínez, B. (2019). Emerging global cities: Structural similarities and historical Differences/Ciudades globales emergentes: Similitudes estructurales y diferencias históricas. Revista Espanola De Sociologia, doi:doi:10.22325/fes/res.2019.35

Portes, A., & Martinez, B. P. (2019). They are not all the same: Immigrant enterprises, transnationalism, and development. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, , 1-17. doi:10.1080/1369183X.2018.1559995

2021 “The Bipartisan Origins of White Nationalism.” Daedalus, forthcoming.

2021 “Unmasking Irregular Migration to the United States.” Forthcoming in Raúl Delgado Wise, ed., Handbook on Migration and Development. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing. (with Jorge Durand)

2021 “Evidencias de un Catástrofe en Venezuela.” Forthcoming in Susanne Gratius and José Manuel Puente, eds., El Conflicto Venezolano: Perspectiva Económica, Política e Internacional. Caracas: Instituto de Estudios Superiores in Administración, Universidad Católica Andrés Bello. (with Magaly Sanchez)

2021 “What were the paradoxical consequences of militarizing the border with Mexico?.” Chapter 2 in Edward E. Telles and Raul Hinojosa, eds., Equitable Globalization? Migration, Trade and Race in US-Mexico Relations. Berkeley: University of California Press, forthcoming.

2021 “America's Unequal Metropolitan Geography: Segregation and the Spatial Concentration of Affluence and Poverty” Pp. 161-187 in Frances M. Rosenbluth and Margaret Weir, eds., Who Gets What? The New Politics of Insecurity. New York: Cambridge University Press. (with Jacob S. Rugh)

2020* “Lethal Violence and Migration in Mexico: An Analysis of Internal and International Moves.” Migraciones Internacionales 11(12):1-20. (with Jorge Durand and Karen A. Pren)

2020* “The Real Crisis at the Mexico-US Border: A Humanitarian and Not an Immigration Emergency.” Sociological Focus 35(3):787-805. 14

2020* “The Ethnosurvey Revisited: New Migrations, New Methodologies?'” Central and Eastern European Migration Review 8(2):9-38 (with Pawel Kaczmarczyk)

2020* “Immigration Policy Mismatches and Counterproductive Outcomes: Unauthorized Migration to the U.S. in Two Eras.” Comparative Migration Studies 8(21).

2020* “Still the Linchpin: Segregation and Stratification in the USA.” Race and Social Problems 12(1):1–12.

2020* "Creating the Exclusionist Society: From the War on Poverty to the War on Immigrants." Ethnic and Racial Studies 43(1):18-37. Reprinted as Chapter 2 in Alejandro Portes and Patricia Fernandez-Kelly, eds, The End of Compassion: Children of Immigrants in the Age of Deportation. Milton Park, Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

2019 “Debacles at the Border: Five Decades of Fact-Free Immigration Policy.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 684: 6-20. (with Jorge Durand)

2019 “Evolution of the Mexico-U.S. Migration System: Insights from the Mexican Migration Project.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 684:21-42. (with Jorge Durand)

2019* “Humans Adapt to Social Diversity Over Time.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (25) 12244-12249. (with Miguel R. Ramos, Matthew R. Bennett, and Miles Hewstone)


Janet Currie - Harnessing Big Data to Improve Children's Mental Health Treatment

Janet Currie - The Impact of Childhood Nutrition Assistance on Child Health and Well Being: Lessons from WIC and the School Breakfast and Lunch Programs

Janet Currie - Princeton Center for Translational Research on Aging

Janet Currie - The Undergraduate Women in Economics Challenge

Bryan Grenfell - Application of Epidemiological Models to Guide and Evaluate Control of Vaccine-preventable Infections

Bryan Grenfell - Exploring Predictive Models for Improving Influenza Vaccine Virus Selection

Bryan Grenfell - Modeling the Impact of Complex Drivers on Infectious Disease Dynamics and Control

Bryan Grenfell - Modeling the Risk of Measles Outbreaks and the Effectiveness of Public Health Response Strategies in the United States

Arun Hendi - Causes of Geographic Divergence in American Mortality Between 1990 and 2015: Health Behaviors, Health Care Access, and Migration

Douglas Massey - Public Use Data on Mexican Immigration

Douglas Massey - The Social Demography of Latinos: A Comparative Regional Analysis

Sara McLanahan - Beyond Abuse and Neglect: Universal Approaches to Promoting Healthy Development in the First Years of Life

Sara McLanahan - Effects of Poverty on Affective Development: A Multi-Level, Longitudinal Study

Sara McLanahan - Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing in Adolescence

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: "Reducing Justice System Inequality"

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: "University-Agency Partnerships to Strengthen Preschool: Improving Preschool at Scale"

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: Culture and Social Mobility

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: Prenatal to Age Three

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: Social-Emotional Learning

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: University - Agency Partnerships to Strengthen Preschool: Improving Preschool at Scale

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: University-Agency Partnerships to Strengthen Preschool: Improving Preschool at Scale

Sara McLanahan - Improving Opportunities for Urban Youth: What Can We Learn from City Comparisons?

Sara McLanahan - Reducing Justice System Inequality

Sara McLanahan - The Future of Children Conference and Volume on Universal Approaches to Child Maltreatment Prevention

C. Jessica Metcalf - Assessing the Feasibility of Using Serological Data to Monitor and Guide Immunization Programs in Low Income Countries

C. Jessica Metcalf - Collaborative Research: Ecological and Evolutionary Impacts of Disrupted Transmission on Host-microbiome Associations

C. Jessica Metcalf - Models to Support Decision Making for Measles and Rubella Vaccination Planning

C. Jessica Metcalf - The uninvadable microbiome: towards a persistently protective microbiome

Sanyu Mojola - HIV after 40 in Rural South Africa: Aging in the Context of an HIV/AIDS Epidemic