Poverty & Inequality

Poverty & Inequality

OPR affiliated faculty are some of the nation’s foremost researchers on poverty and social inequality in the United States.  Collectively, their work has had a significant impact on social policy.  An important emphasis of OPR faculty is city life and the urban poor (Edin), with studies that focus on crime and urban poverty (Sharkey), housing insecurity and eviction (Desmond; The Eviction Lab), low-income fathers (Nelson), and the relationship between government institutions and the urban poor (Fernandez-Kelly). OPR researchers have examined racial residential segregation in American cities and its consequences for poverty, academic achievement, and health among African Americans (Massey; Sharkey), the role of family structure, race, and social class in child outcomes (McLanahan; Espenshade; Fragile Families), the influence of racial, socioeconomic, and gender disparities on educational and health outcomes (Jennings; Conley), racial differences in health and labor-market outcomes between U.S.-born and foreign-born individuals in the United States (Hamilton). OPR is affiliated with the Eviction Lab, run by Matthew Desmond.


Conley, D. (2020). Toward a two-dimensional conception of socioeconomic status for health policy. Milbank Quarterly Opinion, December 17 doi:https://doi.org/10.1599/mqop.2020.1217

Conley, D. (2020). Who you gonna call? COVID-19 and the future of telemedicine. Milbank Quarterly Opinion, July 15 doi:https://doi.org/10.1599/mqop.2020.0715

Conley, D., & Schanzenbach, D. W. (2020). Invest in school-based health centers to improve child health. Milbank Quarterly Opinion, December 23 doi:https://doi.org/10.1599/mqop.2020.1224

Johnson, T., Dawes, C. T., & Conley, D. (2020). How does a statistician raise an army? the time when john W. tukey, a team of luminaries, and a statistics graduate student repaired the vietnam selective service lotteries. The American Statistician, 74(2), 190. doi:DOI: 10.1080/00031305.2019.1677267

McMartin, A., & Conley, D. (2020). Commentary: Mendelian randomization and education-challenges remain. International Journal of Epidemiology, 49(1), 1193. doi:doi: 10.1093/ije/dyaa160
PMID: 33029641

McMartin, A., & Conley, D. (2020). Commentary: Mendelian randomization and education–Challenges remain  . International Journal of Epidemiology, 49(4), 1193. doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyaa160

Mostafavi, H., Harpak, A., Agarwal, I., Conley, D., Pritchard, J. K., & Przeworski, M. (2020). Variable prediction accuracy of polygenic scores within an ancestry group. Elife, 9, e48376. doi:https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.48376

Ginther, D. K., Currie, J. M., Blau, F. D., & Croson, R. T. A. (2020). Can Mentoring Help Female Assistant Professors in Economics? An Evaluation by Randomized Trial
    AEA Papers and Proceedings, 110, 205. https://doi.org/DOI: 10.1257/pandp.20201121

Currie, J. (2020). Child Health as Human Capital. Health Economics, 29(4), 452. https://doi.org/doi: 10.1002/hec.3995
PMID: 31965679

Currie, J., Kleven, H., & Zwiers, E. (2020). Data and Code for Technology and Big Data Are Changing Economics: Mining Text to Track Methods. Openicpsr, https://doi.org/https://www.openicpsr.org/openicpsr/project/120827/version/V1/view;jsessionid=C3D4770D4FE44EAC0B7010081B1F943F

Chorniy, A., Currie, J., & Sonchak, L. (2020). Does Prenatal WIC Participation Improve Child Outcomes? American Journal of Public Health, 6(2), 169. https://doi.org/doi: 10.1086/707832

Currie, J., & Rossin-Slater, M. (2020). Does the WIC Program Promote Equality of Opportunity in Early Life? In L. Tach, R. Dunifon & D. Miller (Eds.), Confronting Inequality: How Policies and Practices Shape Children's Opportunities (pp. 49). American Psychological Association.

Currie, J. M., Rafferty, J. A., Bassett, M. T., & Groves, R. (2020). Evaluating Data Types: A Guide for Decision Makers Using Data to Understand the Extent and Spread of Covid-19. National Academy of Sciences Societal Experts Action Network (SEAN) (). The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/https://www.nap.edu/read/25826/chapter/1

Currie, J. M. (2020). Inequality Before Birth Contributes to Health Inequality In Adults: Improving Newborn Health Is More Essential Now Than Ever. Scientific American, 343(4)https://doi.org/https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/inequality-before-birth-contributes-to-health-inequality-in-adults/

Currie, J., & Schnell, M. (2020). Letter to the Editor: Medical School Ranking and Physician Opioid Prescribing. Journal General Internal Medicine, 35(8), 2477. https://doi.org/doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-05797-z

Ginther, D. K., Currie, J. M., Blau, F. D., & Croson, R. T. A. (2020). Mentoring Matters for Women in Economics. In S. Lundberg (Ed.), Women in Economics: Challenges and Opportunities along the Pipeline (). CEPR Press.

Currie, J., Schwandt, H., & Thuilliez, J. (2020). Pauvreté, Egalité, Mortalité: Mortality (In)Equality in France and the United States. Journal of Population Economics, 33, 197. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-019-00736-7

Currie, J., Henrik, K., & Esmée, Z. (2020). Technology and Big Data Are Changing Economics: Mining Text to Track Methods
. AEA Papers and Proceedings, 110(42)https://doi.org/DOI: 10.1257/pandp.20201058

Cuddy, E., & Currie, J. (2020). Treatment of Mental Ilness in American Adolescents Varies Wdely within and Across Areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(1), 24039. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2007484117

Currie, J. M., & Macleod, W. B. (2020). Understanding Doctor Decision Making: The Case of Depression Treatment. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 88(3), 847. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3982/ecta16591

Currie, J. (2020). What We Say And What We Do: Why US Investments In Children's Health Are Falling Short. Health Affairs, 39(10), 1684. https://doi.org/doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2020.00633
PMID: 33017250

Alexander, D., Currie, J., & Schnell, M. (2019). Check Up before You Check Out: Retail Clinics and Emergency Room Use. Journal of Public Economics, 178https://doi.org/https://drive.google.com/file/d/17ihu23FUOb_hGZnz9lj_kLAX8wMzmCLr/view

Simeonova, E., Currie, J., Nilsson, P., & Walker, R. (2019). Congestion Pricing, Air Pollution, and Children's Health

. Journal of Human Resources, Octhttps://doi.org/doi: 10.3368/jhr.56.4.0218-9363R2

Pesko, M. F., & Currie, J. M. (2019). The Effect of E-Cigarette Minimum Legal Sale Age Laws on Cigarette Use and Birth Outcomes among Pregnant Teenagers. Journal of Health Economics, 66, 71. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.05.003

Currie, J., & Duque, V. (2019). Medicaid: What Does it Do and Can We Do it Better? The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 686(1), 148. https://doi.org/https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0002716219874772

Baker, M., Currie, J., & Schwandt, H. (2019). Mortality Inequality in Canada and the U.S.: Convergent or Divergent Trends. Journal of Labor Economics, 37(S2), S325. https://doi.org/DOI 10.1086/703259

Currie, J., & Walker, R. (2019). What Do Economists Have to Say About the Clean Air Act 50 Years After the Establishment of the EPA? Journal of Economic Perspectives, 433(4), 3. https://doi.org/https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/jep.33.4.3

Currie, J., Ho., B., Kelly, R., & Kuziemko, I. (2019). Who Will Be Our Moral Conscience Now? A Tribute To Uwe Reinhardt. Health Affairs Blog, https://doi.org/do/10.1377/hblog20190805.922868/full/

Edin, Kathryn, Timothy J. Nelson, Andrew Cherlin, and Robert Francis. “The Tenuous Attachments of Working-Class Men.” Journal of Economic Perspectives. 33(2): 211-228. 2019

Shaefer, H. Luke, Kathryn Edin, Pinghui Wu, and Vincent Fusaro. The Decline of Cash Assistance and the Well-being of Households with Children.” Social Forces: Soz020, https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/soz020. 2019

Hamilton, T. G., & Hagos, R. (2021). Race and the healthy immigrant effect. . Public Policy & Aging Report., doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/ppar/praa042

Hamilton, T. G. (2020). Black immigrants and the changing portrait of black identity. Annual Review of Sociology, 46, 295. doi:https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-soc-121919-054728

Green Tiffany, & Hamilton, T. G. (2019). Intergenerational differences in smoking among west Indian, Haitian, Latin American, and African blacks in the united states. Demographic Research, 41, 713-752.

Green, T., & Hamilton, T. (2019). Maternal educational attainment and infant mortality in the united states: Does the gradient vary by race/ethnicity and nativity?
. Demographic Research, 41, 713. doi:doi:10.2307/26850665

Hamilton, T. G. (2019). Immigration and the remaking of black America. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Raymo, James M., Fumiya Uchikoshi, and Shohei Yoda. 2021. “Marriage Intentions, Desires, and Pathways to Later and Less Marriage in Japan.” Demographic Research 44: 67–98.

Halpern-Manners, Andrew, James M. Raymo, John R. Warren, and Kaitlin Johnson. 2020. “School Performance and Mortality: The Role of Work and Family Trajectories Across the Life Course” Advances in Life Course Research 46.

Wang, Jia and James M. Raymo. 2020.“Non-standard Employment and Life Satisfaction in Japan” forthcoming in Journal of Marriage and Family.

Fukuda, Setsuya, James M. Raymo, and Shohei Yoda. 2020. “Revisiting the Educational Gradient in Women’s Marriage in Japan” Journal of Marriage and Family 82: 1378–1396.

Wang, Jia and James M. Raymo. 2020. “Household income and child well-being in Japan: The role of grandparental coresidence and residential proximity.” Chinese Journal of Sociology 6: 286-314.

Raymo, James M. and Hyunjoon Park. 2019. “Marriage Trends in Korea: Changing Composition of the Domestic Marriage Market and Growth in International Marriage” Demography 57: 171–194.

Raymo, James M., Isabel Pike, and Jersey Liang. 2019.“A New Look at the Living Arrangements of Older Americans using Multistate Life Tables.” Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 74: e84–e96.

Desmond, Matthew, Andrew Papachristos, and David Kirk. “Evidence of the Effect of Police Violence on Citizen Crime Reporting.” American Sociological Review.Data and Code.

Desmond, Matthew, and Nathan Wilmers. “Do the Poor Pay More for Housing? Exploitation, Profit, and Risk in Rental Markets.”American Journal of Sociology American Journal of Sociology 124 (2019): 1090-1124.Print.

2021 “The Bipartisan Origins of White Nationalism.” Daedalus, forthcoming.

2021 “Unmasking Irregular Migration to the United States.” Forthcoming in Raúl Delgado Wise, ed., Handbook on Migration and Development. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing. (with Jorge Durand)

2021 “Evidencias de un Catástrofe en Venezuela.” Forthcoming in Susanne Gratius and José Manuel Puente, eds., El Conflicto Venezolano: Perspectiva Económica, Política e Internacional. Caracas: Instituto de Estudios Superiores in Administración, Universidad Católica Andrés Bello. (with Magaly Sanchez)

2021 “What were the paradoxical consequences of militarizing the border with Mexico?.” Chapter 2 in Edward E. Telles and Raul Hinojosa, eds., Equitable Globalization? Migration, Trade and Race in US-Mexico Relations. Berkeley: University of California Press, forthcoming.

2021 “America's Unequal Metropolitan Geography: Segregation and the Spatial Concentration of Affluence and Poverty” Pp. 161-187 in Frances M. Rosenbluth and Margaret Weir, eds., Who Gets What? The New Politics of Insecurity. New York: Cambridge University Press. (with Jacob S. Rugh)

2020* “Lethal Violence and Migration in Mexico: An Analysis of Internal and International Moves.” Migraciones Internacionales 11(12):1-20. (with Jorge Durand and Karen A. Pren)

2020* “The Real Crisis at the Mexico-US Border: A Humanitarian and Not an Immigration Emergency.” Sociological Focus 35(3):787-805. 14

2020* “The Ethnosurvey Revisited: New Migrations, New Methodologies?'” Central and Eastern European Migration Review 8(2):9-38 (with Pawel Kaczmarczyk)

2020* “Immigration Policy Mismatches and Counterproductive Outcomes: Unauthorized Migration to the U.S. in Two Eras.” Comparative Migration Studies 8(21). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40878-020-00181-6

2020* “Still the Linchpin: Segregation and Stratification in the USA.” Race and Social Problems 12(1):1–12.

2020* "Creating the Exclusionist Society: From the War on Poverty to the War on Immigrants." Ethnic and Racial Studies 43(1):18-37. Reprinted as Chapter 2 in Alejandro Portes and Patricia Fernandez-Kelly, eds, The End of Compassion: Children of Immigrants in the Age of Deportation. Milton Park, Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

2019 “Debacles at the Border: Five Decades of Fact-Free Immigration Policy.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 684: 6-20. (with Jorge Durand)

2019 “Evolution of the Mexico-U.S. Migration System: Insights from the Mexican Migration Project.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 684:21-42. (with Jorge Durand)

2019* “Humans Adapt to Social Diversity Over Time.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (25) 12244-12249. (with Miguel R. Ramos, Matthew R. Bennett, and Miles Hewstone)

Hendi, Arun S., Irma T. Elo, and Pekka Martikainen. 2021. “The Implications of Changing Education Distributions for Life Expectancy Gradients.” Forthcoming at Social Science & Medicine.

Vierboom, Yana C., Samuel H. Preston, and Arun S. Hendi. 2019. “Rising Geographic Inequality in Mortality in the United States.” Social Science & Medicine – Population Health 9: 100478. (PMCID: PMC6804490).

Hendi, Arun S. 2019. “Proximate Sources of Change in Trajectories of American First Marriage, 1960-2010.” Demography 56(3): 835-862. (PMCID: PMC6827978)

Portes, A., & Fernandez-Kelly, P. (2020). Children of Immigrants in New Places of Destination, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 43(1)https://doi.org/https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01419870.2019.1667517

Portes, A., & Fernandez-Kelly, P. (Eds.). (2020). The End of Compassion: Children of Immigrants in the Age of Deportation. Routledge.

Fernández-Kelly, P. (2020). The Integration Paradox: Contrasting Patterns in Adaptation Among Immigrant Children in Central New Jersey. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 43(1), 180. https://doi.org/https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01419870.2019.1667510

Fernández-Kelly, P. (2019). Reclaiming the Black and Asian Journeys. 
International Handbook of Migration Studies
(2nd ed., pp. 306). Routledge.


Dalton Conley - Connected Learning Research Network

Dalton Conley - Genetic analysis of the Dutch Hunger Winter Families Study to Boost Rigor and Robustness for Testing In-Utero Famine Effects on Aging-Related Health Conditions and
Biological Aging

Dalton Conley - GxE and Health Inequality Over the Life Course

Dalton Conley - Understanding the Interplay of Genes and Environment in U.S. Families to Improve Child Health: Evidence from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics

Matt Desmond - Eviction in America

Matt Desmond - Eviction in America: Law, Housing and Poverty

Matt Desmond - Eviction Lab Project Proposal: Engaging Communities through Housing Data and Stories

Matt Desmond - Housing Precarity, Eviction, and Inequality in the Wake of COVID-19

Matt Desmond - Justice and Poverty Project

Matt Desmond - The Eviction Lab (BMGF)

Matt Desmond - The Eviction Lab (JPB)

Matt Desmond - Understanding the American Child Welfare System

Kathryn Edin - Assessing the impact of Place-Based and Place-Conscious Interventions on Economic Mobility

Kathryn Edin - Computational examination of threat and reward constructs in a predominantly low-income, longitudinal sample at increased risk for internalizing disorders

Kathryn Edin - Deepening Our Understanding of America's Most Vulnerable Communities

Kathryn Edin - Fragile Families & the Transition to Adulthood (BMGF)

Kathryn Edin - Fragile Families and the Transition to Adulthood (NIH)

Kathryn Edin - The National Poverty Study

Kathryn Edin - Support the Fragile Families, Systems-Involved Youth, and the Transition to Adulthood follow-up survey activities

Kathryn Edin - Support for the Fragile Families panel study

Douglas Massey - Public Use Data on Mexican Immigration

Douglas Massey - The Social Demography of Latinos: A Comparative Regional Analysis

Sara McLanahan - Beyond Abuse and Neglect: Universal Approaches to Promoting Healthy Development in the First Years of Life

Sara McLanahan - Effects of Poverty on Affective Development: A Multi-Level, Longitudinal Study

Sara McLanahan - Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing in Adolescence

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: "Reducing Justice System Inequality"

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: "University-Agency Partnerships to Strengthen Preschool: Improving Preschool at Scale"

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: Culture and Social Mobility

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: Prenatal to Age Three

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: Social-Emotional Learning

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: University - Agency Partnerships to Strengthen Preschool: Improving Preschool at Scale

Sara McLanahan - Future of Children: University-Agency Partnerships to Strengthen Preschool: Improving Preschool at Scale

Sara McLanahan - Improving Opportunities for Urban Youth: What Can We Learn from City Comparisons?

Sara McLanahan - Reducing Justice System Inequality

Sara McLanahan - The Future of Children Conference and Volume on Universal Approaches to Child Maltreatment Prevention